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in Protestantism 173-5,182-4 in Roman Catholicism 179-80 see also marriage Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd

Earl 282, 293, 297 Shakers 173

Sharp, Granville 420, 527 Sheldon, Gilbert 57-8 Sherlock, Thomas 62, 66 shrines 188,196,198, 563, 569 Siam, and persecution 4 Sidotti, Giovanni Battista 468-70 Sierra Leone 429 -32 and mission 429-32, 527 and Nova Scotian settlers 419, 421, 422 numbers of resettled slaves 431 and trade 425, 426 Sikhism 433

Silesia, and Protestantism 29, 46-7,329,

335-6, 351 Silesian Wars 41 Sixtus V Pope 93,104 slave trade: and colonization 517 effects in Africa 415-16, 420, 424, 430-1

and European Christians 517-18 opposition to 519, 527, 528 slavery: and Code Noir 521 defences of 517-18 in Latin America 518, 522-4

reforms 524-5 support for 416 see also antislavery movement slaves: and black religiosity conversions to Christianity 4, 39, 521, 529, 531

missions to 402, 409, 522 in national life 497 Sobieski, John 20, 96 social reform: and Enlightenment thought 49-50 and Pietism 35, 36, 37, 38 Société des Missions Etrangères 449, 459, 464,

societies, religious 345,393 society, and the church 72-85 Society of Defenders of True

Christianity 52-3 Society of Friends see Quakers Society ofJesus see Jesuits Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

(SPCK) 343, 362, 393, 416, 445, 483 Society for Propagating the Gospel at Home 578

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 38, 416-17

and Native Americans 393, 501 and slavery 521, 522, 523 Socinianism 354, 359, 363 sodomy 174,180

Soufflot, Jacques-Germain 232, 238, 244 South Africa: and African rights 428-9

and Protestant missions 427-9 South America, see Latin America South-east Asia 447-50; see also Sri Lanka;

Timor; Vietnam Southcott, Joanna 583-4 Southey, Robert 583, 586 Spain: and absolutism 6, 267, 376 and architecture 236 bishops 19, 24, 25, 73, 89-90 and church and state 18, 20, 24-5,319,373,

clergy 96,100-2, 572 and education 152 and Jansenism 319

and Jesuits 25, 90,100,101,164, 302,319,

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